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Arbosculpture is a fruit of human labor, various decorative elements made of trees. Can you imagine a tree in the shape of a man? Or maybe you saw a deck chair made of growing bushes?
History of occurrence
The reception was created at the beginning of the 20th century. A simple farmer on the plot raised sycamore trees and twisted them with his own hands. The neighbors saw the masterpiece and appreciated it. This encouraged Axel Erlandson to new exploits. He decided to twist already 4 trunks. The creation was called "Four-legged." After a while, fame came to the farm. As a result, Axel abandoned all other matters and began to deal only with the equipment he had invented.
Then he went to California and opened there an unusual "Tree Circus". Tourists flocked in droves to see the bewitching sight.
After the death of the farmer, the circus remained abandoned for some time, but then went to the admirer of Axel's work, and he was restored. Then other people became interested in arbosculpture, but no one succeeded in repeating the success of Erlandson. Nowadays, the most prominent representative with the ability to create sculptures from tree trunks is Richard Rims.
The main features of the reception
The word itself comes from the Latin "arbor", which means "tree".
The technique is different in that various shapes are made from the trunks. At the same time, they should be grown in such a way that, as they develop, the necessary sculptures are obtained. Some argue that arbosculpture is a subspecies of bonsai art or topiary art.
In fact, everything is different, a bonsai is created by cutting and aligning leaves and branches. Arbosculpture, on the contrary, is the result of actions with trunks. Moreover, in the art of bonsai, everything is done so that the plants are as similar as possible to real trees. In arbosculpture, on the contrary, the result should be something completely unbelievable and amazing to the audience.
One of the subspecies of arbosculpture is poktre. It is nothing but the creation of living furniture. The founder of the method is Peter Corr. He made his first chair back in 1987. His most famous creations are living mirrors. Their main feature is that the tree trunks are intertwined in such a way that at the base they are intertwined together, and from above they seem to diverge to the sides. As a result, you can insert a mirror into the resulting structure.
Arbosculpture can be made of various types of plants - garden plums, sycamore, bird cherry. Poktre became famous in creative landscape design precisely thanks to Corr. However, there are still not so many fans of the method. The thing is that the production time takes a long time. So, to get one item will take about 6 years. In view of this, the Poktre series is performed artificially, using roots that are more flexible and develop faster.
How to work with arbosculpture
The principle of operation is that the shape of trunks and branches changes. How it's done? There are several ways:
- fixing the branches on the frame, the shape of which they will acquire;
- splicing branches and trunks of different trees;
- You can use the method of forming fruit trees on a trellis.
The frame can be of any shape, but always metal. Trellis is taken only flat.
Increased attention when creating the presented type of sculpture should be given to pruning young branches, for which high-quality garden tools should be used. You need to understand the difference between cutting and trimming. In the first case, the shoots are removed to the base. In the second, the required length is simply removed. Cutting is required so that extra branches do not interfere with the formation of an invented image. Trimming is aimed at changing the direction of growth of branches.
The technique also involves changing the roots of a tree. So, there are a number of trees whose root system extends beyond the boundaries of the soil. Then they can be involved in business. In this case, the work will be done much faster, and twisting the roots is much easier.
However, such trees cannot be used in Russia due to the harsh climate. The root system will simply freeze, which means that the arbosculpture will be damaged.
Making a wooden vase
You will need a frame. Then an annual sapling is planted on it on a dwarf rootstock. It remains only to cut the shoots and actively feed the plant. Remember! Presented plants are slightly weaker than wild ones. After you see that the seedlings are firmly rooted and feel good, the frame can be removed. But this will take several years.
In the same way, a spiral is performed. But this will require 4 seedlings. The frame is taken in a cylindrical shape. It is placed on 4 racks.
It is much more difficult to grow trunks of various tree varieties. In this case, a method such as vaccination is used. The bark is cleaned from the trunks, then they are connected and tied. Then the trees are put on the frame. After they get stronger - again, several years will pass - the frame is removed.
For those who want to create a masterpiece with their own hands, but are not ready to wait so long, there are some practical tips:
- use a tree such as willow - it grows up to two meters in a year;
- the frame is better to take from bioplastics.
Such methods perfectly solve the main problem of arbosculpture - the long term of creation.
Arbarchitecture: everything is possible
According to this principle, you can build a whole house. Many European designers are already striving to bring the idea to life. Of course, the house has not yet been built, but arbors, steles and other small architectural forms are already growing. You can also try to create a willow tent on your site.
Moreover, using trees, even cathedrals are created. So, the Italian artist D. Mauri in Bergamo is already creating a similar structure. It is based on 42 columns. These are trees that are mounted on a frame. When the branches intertwine and grow, the need for a frame will disappear.
Architects from Germany went even further. They built a tower, the length of which reaches 9 meters. For the idea, 200 seedlings and a metal frame were involved. Designers say that in a couple of years the tower will stand perfectly on its own.
Sculptures for the garden
At the moment, interest in arbosculpture is increasing. In their gardens, designers and ordinary people begin to grow amazing plants. Who knows, maybe very soon, houses made of interwoven trunks and branches will become fashionable!
Arbosculpture (20 photos)