Among the elements of modern landscape design, a special place is given to the use of a variety of decorative beehives, which can be done with your own hands or purchased ready-made.
Artificial dwellings for bee colonies have been adjacent to humans for centuries in a row and are rarely surprising. The appearance of funny and bizarre shapes of hives as an element of decor is only gaining ground in the territory of Russian personal plots.
The main purpose of these unique decorative designs is not to accommodate families of honey bees, but to decorate the surrounding landscape space. The summer residents who install them are far from apiary knowledge, and their main goal is not to care for bees and the stable receipt of beekeeping products.
Most types of decorative beehives fit very harmoniously into the landscape and design features of the country garden and are able to give it an individual and pastoral look. Depending on the gardener's imagination and budget, this type of hive can be made of various materials and using a variety of design solutions.
Based on the main goals, the hives can be populated by bees or be an ordinary garden surroundings. It is possible to use both a ready-made decorative bee house and a home-made version.
Depending on the material used in the construction, the history of beekeeping, two variants of hives are known:
- based on natural materials (clay, straw, from cork tree and others);
- based on synthetic materials (most often polyurethane hives).
Polyurethane hives appeared in Russia relatively recently, but a number of advantages made them quite popular and famous.
The main advantages of this type of decorative hive are:
- a variety of shapes and a wide selection of colors;
- completely folding design;
- resistance to temperature changes;
- design features make it possible, if necessary, to easily resize a decorative bee house;
- can be easily transported and moved to a new place;
- ecological purity of the source material;
- interchangeability of almost all parts;
- durability and resistance to damage and adverse external influences.
Such ready-made beehives for bees are easy to assemble and disassemble. Self-respecting manufacturers make hive drawings and assembly diagrams to the finished product.
Care for such decorative structures is minimal and consists in periodically cleaning the internal surfaces. Wash the hive with a warm soda solution. Subsequent disinfection is carried out only with approved drugs.
When choosing a polyurethane decorative hive, you need to make sure the quality of the source material and check the availability of the certificate. Such a hive is a very budget option and involves a variety of shapes and sizes.
In addition to ready-made hive options, most gardeners have a great opportunity to make a hive with their own hands. Most often, improvised materials are used for homemade bee houses. For such a creative process, you can use completely different components or use special publications that contain a variety of drawings of hives.
How to make a beehive from a tree
Any decorative type of hive should not only be suitable for living by a bee family, but also be a harmonious component of the surrounding landscape. For this purpose, you can use a wooden deck, from which the core is removed with a hammer and chisel. Then a fly is made, which will allow the bees to freely fly into the hive and fly out of it. Under the notch attach a flying board.
Various drawings of beehives allow for the use of a variety of materials as the top cover. The wooden round beehive with a high thatched roof looks most impressive. Using wood to make a hive is very justified. If such a beehive is coated with a special varnish for the greatest decorative effect, then it will look very organic against the background of any garden plantings.
How to make a hive from improvised means
Quite often, for decorative purposes, plastic five-liter bottles are used, which can be found in almost every household. Decorative bee houses made of such material look very original and fun. In addition, such hives do not populate with live bees, which is very reasonable if the house has small children or people suffering from allergic reactions to bee stings.
In addition to empty five-liter bottles for the manufacture of such charming decorative houses you will need the following material:
- various small plastic bottles for making bees;
- spray can with yellow paint or a can of yellow acrylic paint + brush;
- black electrical tape;
- four urine brushes;
- glue for plastic;
- decorative eyes and beads;
- a small skein of twine;
- synthetic white or colorless thread.
For a more consistent color and protection against UV rays, small bottles must be painted yellow with several coats of paint. It is advisable to apply at least three layers of paint from a spray can. After the paint has completely dried, strips are made with a black electrical insulating tape. Eyes and noses of future decorative bees are attached to the blanks with glue. The wings are cut from transparent plastic bottles and attached to the bees using a synthetic thread.
On a five-liter bottle, it is marked, and then a square hole is cut out. The future hive is layered with yellow paint. Four urine brushes are fastened with twine, which are attached to the bottle cap as a roof.
The improvised decorative bee house is ready, and all that remains is to place it on the branches of a tree. Bees complement the composition, which must be placed around a decorative hive.
Any garden decorations and decorative elements have become very popular, and their prices are unreasonably high and inaccessible to most summer residents. Home-made decorative bee houses are a very budget option for landscape decoration. They will give the garden an originality and will delight for many years not only the owners, but also the guests.