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A description of a variety such as Papirovka or Pouring White is widely known to most gardeners. This is an early summer variety of apples recognized and loved by the people, which is used in breeding work. An apple tree of this variety is found in many gardens of our country.
The apple-tree of the Papirovka variety is known to many under the name "Pouring White". This variety is included in the State Register of a significant part of the regions of our country (except for the Urals, the East Siberian District and the Far Eastern Region) as the leading early summer variety.
"Papirovka" is especially good for gardens, which are located in close proximity to megacities and industrial zones. This variety is cultivated both in private household plots and in collective horticultural farms. "Papiroka" is often used as the main parent form in breeding work. On the basis of this variety, it was possible to create about twenty new varieties, including "Daughter of Papirovka."
The apple variety "Papirovka's Daughter" is a summer variety and was bred as a result of hybridization of the varieties "Papirovka" and "Anise Scarlet" in Samara. "Daughter Papirovki" surpassed the parent plants in terms of taste and is very resistant to diseases and pests.
The tree is medium in size. In the first years of life, the plant has a broad, pyramidal-shaped crown, which in the process of development of the apple tree becomes more round. The main branches have a light gray integumentary bark. The fruiting peak focuses on the glove. The shoots are of medium thickness and have a brown-olive color. Characterized by severe pubescence. Vegetative buds are small, have a flat shape and gray color.
The gray-green leaves of the apple tree are characterized by medium size and ovoid or elliptical shape. Leaves are characterized by dullness and small-sized, as well as strong pubescence on the underside. Petiole part is medium in length or long. Large saucer-shaped flowers are formed from pink buds. The flowers have white petals with a slight pink tint.
Apples are medium in size. Younger plants form large, slightly flattened fruits that have a round-conical shape with well-defined wide ribbing. A feature of the shape of the fruit is a certain heterogeneity. Often fruits look trihedral.
Most fruits have a clearly visible seam in the form of an acute longitudinal fold on the skin. Apples of the Papirovka variety are devoid of blush, have a greenish-yellow color, and at the stage of removable maturity they are covered with a whitish coating. The skin of apples is thin, very fragrant and smooth. Dots of gray and green are distributed on it. The fruit in the phase of full maturity, the skin is pale white.
The fruit stems in apples are of medium length, but can be long. Funnels are medium in width and depth. Minor rust may be present. Seed nests in apples of this variety are large and have the shape of a bulb. Fruits have large seed chambers that are open or half open towards the axial cavity. Irregularly shaped seeds are short and angular, light brown in color.
The white and loose pulp of apples of this variety is very delicate and is characterized by large grain size, as well as sufficient juiciness. In overripe apples, the flesh becomes powdery.
The certain disadvantages of the variety include the frequency of fruiting, and also the lack of pronounced integumentary staining of fruits at the stage of removable maturity.
The plant is characterized by high rates of early maturity. Stable yield on seedstock trees begins to form in the fourth year. The variety belongs to the category of average productivity, which is due to a sharp change in the level of fruiting. Trees are characterized by a relatively high level of frost resistance. The level of damage to the plant by diseases and pests is average.
By most indicators, including winter hardiness, the Papirovka variety is not inferior to such popular varieties as Antonovka vulgaris and Autumn Striped.
Apple-tree "Papirovka": general characteristic
The chemical composition of apples
Fruits at the stage of full ripeness have an optimal chemical composition:
- the total amount of sugars is about 9%;
- titratable acids are less than 1%;
- the amount of ascorbic acid per hundred grams of pulp does not exceed 22%.
In addition, apples of the Papirovka variety contain P-active substances in an amount of 209 milligrams for every 100 grams of pulp and pectin substances at a level of 10%. Juices made from apples of this variety are characterized by a fairly large number of catechins.
Planting and Care Rules
Most gardeners in our country are fond of the varieties Papirovka and Daughter Papirovki due to their relatively simple care and a high degree of survival. The variety is characterized by the absence of special soil requirements and is quite easily put up even with significantly depleted land.
Despite the certain unpretentiousness of "Papirovki", when choosing a place for planting, as well as at the growing stage it is important to remember that this variety does not respond well to overdried soil. A high level of fruiting is observed during the cultivation of apple trees on loamy soils. To increase the fruiting volume, it is recommended to thin out in the spring by removing the young ovary.
Gardeners should take into account the fact that the Papirovka apple tree has average resistance to scab damage of fruits and foliage.
You can find out about the features of Macintosh apples here.
Harvesting and storage
The removable ripeness stage of apples begins at a very early date. When cultivated in a climate inherent in the middle lane of our country, it makes sense to eat fruits in the first decade of August.
Summer apple varieties
Immediately after harvesting, the fruits can be consumed fresh. Standard shelf life does not exceed three weeks. The absence of integumentary staining makes the skin of the fruit very thin and easily vulnerable, which should be taken into account when collecting and storing. This feature is the cause of the appearance of dark spots on apples during any mechanical impact. The transportability of fruits in this regard is also very low.