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Cherries "Black Cork": description and growing rules

Cherries "Black Cork": description and growing rules


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Cherries "Black Cork" has the appearance of a small, very attractive and branched tree that looks more like a bush. A fruit plant of this variety has become widespread in Ukraine.

Plant description

Cherries of the Chernokorka variety are a fruit and berry plant from folk selection, and are zoned not only in the Voroshilovgrad, Vinnitsa, Dnepropetrovsk and Kirovograd regions of Ukraine, but also in Odessa, Zaporizhia and Donetsk, but also in the southern regions of Russia, as well as in Rostov region. The period of mass fruiting begins in the third year after planting.

Characteristics of berries

Large berries have a maroon, almost black color and a rounded shape. The average weight of the berries varies from 4 to 5 g. The variety is characterized by a sweet taste with a slight acidity. Berries belong to the category of universal use.

The berries are firmly and firmly held by a long stalk, and are not prone to fall, even at the stage of full ripening. The burgundy color of the pulp of berries has sufficient density and juiciness. The stone is small and easily separated from the pulp. Mass harvesting is carried out in the second half of June and early July.

Wood appearance

A small-sized, raceme-shaped cherry tree of the Chernokorka variety can reach a height of about 3 m. The crown is sufficiently spreading and leafy, with a hanging type of branches characteristic of this variety. The plant is very convenient for the implementation of standard measures for the care, pruning, and harvesting.

Advantages and disadvantages

Along with other varieties of cherries "Black Cork" has both advantages and some disadvantages presented:

  • low maturity of the culture;
  • high drought tolerance;
  • stable indicators of frost resistance;
  • a sufficiently high yield of about 50 kg per plant;
  • susceptibility to lesions of coccomycosis is observed;
  • the tree is fruitless.

In addition, gardeners should remember that in the presence of a rainy and cool summer period, the risk of damaging cherries with cocomycosis significantly increases, which provokes a sharp decrease in yield and early loss of foliage.

Pollinators

Cherries of the Chernokorka variety belong to the category of self-infertile and, in order to increase productivity and improve the quality of berries, requires planting pollinators, the best of which are Lyubskaya cherries, as well as Donchanka, Aelita and Yaroslavna cherries.

Black Cherry Cherries: Care

Landing rules

To grow a healthy and beautiful cherry tree, characterized by high yields of quality berries, it is necessary to observe the rules for planting fruit seedlings:

  • seedlings with an open root system are planted in the spring, and containerized seedlings can be planted both in spring and autumn;
  • seedlings should not be buried, and the root neck should be placed 5 cm above the ground;
  • when purchasing seedlings in spring, pruning of longer and incorrectly formed branches should be performed;
  • for seedlings on tall rootstocks, the feeding area should be about 12 m2and for plants with mid-root stocks, 9 m is enough2 area for food.

It is very important to prepare the planting hole a month before planting. The dimensions of such a hole are selected in accordance with the volume of the root system. For faster rooting, organic manure in the form of horse manure, as well as potassium chloride and superphosphate in equal amounts are added to the planting pit.

Care requirements

Further care measures should be based on the following actions:

  • before flowering, mineral fertilizers are required in the form of an aqueous solution of urea, potassium chloride and superphosphate;
  • almost any type of soil needs liming, which is carried out by adding dolomite flour or ground limestone in quantity. The amount of introduced substances depends entirely on the type of soil;
  • autumn dressings should not contain nitrogen;
  • in the first year after planting, it is necessary to remove at least 80% of the flowers, which will improve the survival rate of the seedling and enhance its nutrition;
  • watering is carried out 1-4 times a month based on the calculation of a bucket of water for each planted young plant;
  • by fall, watering is reduced, and the latest irrigation activities should be carried out in late August;
  • any formed basal shoots should be removed, which will reduce the outflow of nutrients from the plant and increase productivity;
  • To protect the plant from freezing in the autumn, mulching is carried out with the help of horse humus in the area of ​​the trunk circle, and the stem itself should be wrapped with covering material.

Cherry is very responsive to the proper maintenance of the near-stem circle, where there should be no plants, and the soil should be loosened regularly. In addition, it is important to take measures to protect cherries from pests and diseases.

Diseases and Pests

The plant of the described variety, unfortunately for gardeners, is poorly resistant to various diseases and numerous pests. Especially often the variety is affected by coccomycosis. The first symptoms of damage can be observed in the first decade of June, and over the entire growing season, a fungal infection can give out about eight generations:

  • the main signs of damage are manifested in the form of the appearance of small spots of brown staining on the upper leaf plate. Pink-white pads of conidial fungal spores are observed on the underside of the leaf. In the last decade of July, an adult plant loses more than half of the foliage, and young seedlings can be completely exposed;
  • The main methods of control are the destruction of fallen infected foliage, as well as spraying with antifungal fungicides after flowering and reprocessing after ten days. Fungicide treatment after harvest is also good.

It should be remembered that plants with strong immunity, for which competent and timely care is carried out, are less prone to damage by diseases and pests.

You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about the varietal features of Youth cherries.

Gardeners reviews

Despite the fact that “Chernorkorka” cherries were added to the State Register for the North Caucasus Region forty years ago, this plant is still not particularly popular with gardeners in our country.

Stewed blackberry compote

The cultivating cherries "Chernokorka" characterize the plant as very fruitful, with tasty and juicy berries, and also practically not responding to spring-winter natural whims. Most summer residents speak positively of this variety of cherries, but note such shortcomings as the need to plant pollinating plants and regular measures to combat coccomycosis, which is especially rampant in the middle zone of our country.


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