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Previously, long-fruited cucumbers appeared on store shelves only in the middle of spring. It was believed that these fruits are seasonal, and they are suitable for preparing salads, as an alternative to the usual varieties that bear fruit from the beginning or middle of summer.
Today, breeders offer gardeners a wide selection of planting material for long-fruited cucumbers that have long growing periods and grow both in greenhouses and greenhouses, and in the open field. Hybrids of long-fruited cucumbers are used for fresh consumption, as well as for preservation and pickling. In addition, planting and growing these varieties allows for early and abundant harvests.
Varieties and features of care
The seeds of hybrids of long-fruited cucumbers are planted in planting containers in early or mid-March, and already in April the sprouted seedlings can be transferred to the greenhouse soil. The breeding varieties are resistant to temperature extremes, viral and bacterial diseases typical of seedlings grown in greenhouses.
The varieties of hybrids are divided into groups according to the method of cultivation:
- For protected ground (greenhouses and hotbeds);
- For open ground (insect pollinated);
- Asian varieties, planted both in the open garden and in the greenhouse.
Attention! When choosing planting material, carefully study the instructions, remembering that breeding specimens must be fully adapted to the climatic conditions of your region.
Hybrids of long-fruited cucumbers perfectly accept fertilizing and organic fertilizers, but at the same time require good black soil, regular watering and care. Loosening of the soil becomes the main types of work during cultivation, which is important for obtaining a good bountiful harvest. If you follow all the rules for caring for long-fruited cucumbers, you can remove fresh fruits until mid-autumn.
These varieties of cucumbers are grown only in greenhouses and film greenhouses, well protected from bad weather and low temperatures.
The hybrid resists such viral diseases as powdery mildew, cucumber mosaic, cladosporosis.
The main advantages of growing a hybrid are high yields and a long growing season. Ripening dates are early with average growth rates. The fruits are long and smooth, with proper care they reach a size of 16-18 cm. Baby F1 perfectly tolerates transportation, retaining its commercial qualities during long-term storage in warehouses.
Designed for planting and growing in glass and film greenhouses and greenhouses. Possesses medium vigor, high yield and resistance to temperature extremes. Feels great in dimly lit places.
Beit Alpha cucumber varieties. The length of some fruits during full ripening can reach 20-22 cm. The fruits have an even cylindrical shape and an even skin structure. Fruit color is dark green.
The hybrid is adapted for growing in low-light greenhouses or greenhouses built in the shaded part of the plot. In addition, this variety has shown itself to be the best in its group during long-term storage and transportation.
An early Beit Alpha hybrid. Has an average growth rate and a long growing season. As you can see in the photo, the skin color is dark green, the fruits have a dense structure and reach up to 24cm in size. Resistant to infection with powdery mildew, cladosporosis, cucumber mosaic.
Differs in abundant early fruiting. Grown in greenhouses, mainly on stakes. The fruits have a dense, even peel; during the ripening period, they reach a length of 18 to 22 cm.
Paladinka F1 differs from other hybrids of the Beit Alpha group in a high degree of growth, one ovary can give 3-4 fruits. The variety is resistant to diseases such as cladosporiosis, anthracnose, powdery mildew.
During ripening, they can reach a length of 30 cm. This variety is one of the most popular in greenhouse farms due to its good marketable and unsurpassed taste.
A spring-summer variety of long-fruited cucumbers, which has proven itself as a powerful plant capable of high strength and speed of regeneration. As you can see in the photo, the fruits are somewhat ribbed, with a dense juicy structure. In addition, Superstar F1 has a long growing season, and exhibits increased resistance to fungal and viral diseases.
Designed for both glass greenhouses and film greenhouses. The fruits are not long - during the growing season they reach a size of 15-16 cm.
The variety is characterized by a high rate of fruit ripening, and belongs to the earliest hybrids of the Beit Alpha group. The fruits are juicy and dense, the surface is smooth and dark green in color. Seedlings are transferred to the greenhouse in early to mid-March and grown on stakes.
It is planted mainly in well-equipped capital greenhouses, and during the ripening period it can give fruits up to 40 cm in length.
Another parthenocarpic hybrid with high vigor. A distinctive feature of growth is year-round vegetation. Vista F1 is resistant to temperature extremes, low light, does not require regular watering. The skin is dense, smooth, light green in color.
An early type of hybrids, the advantage of which is large and stable yields. Fruit length - from 30 to 35cm.
Resistant to fungal and viral diseases, tolerates low light well. Due to its dense structure and strong skin, it has a fairly long fresh shelf life.
Bee-pollinated for protected and open ground
These varieties of hybrids can be grown both in greenhouses and hotbeds, and in open areas of the summer cottage. Since all hybrids are insect pollinated, the greenhouse should have an open roof structure.
The hybrid is resistant to diseases of downy mildew, lesions associated with damage to the stem by insects, therefore it is widely used when growing early cucumbers in the open field.
The variety was bred by US breeders. The main advantages of growing are fast ripening, high yield. The fruits have a dark green shiny color (see photo), dense and smooth to the touch. The average size is 20-22 cm, but when feeding the plant with organic fertilizers, it can reach 25-30 cm.
The plant is highly resistant to temperature extremes, does not undergo a viral disease characteristic of early vegetable crops in the open field. During the ripening period, the fruits reach a length of 25-27 cm, have a delicate dark green skin. Lily F1 is an early and high-yielding variety, therefore, it is recommended to plant seedlings in open ground in early April.
One of the varieties recognized by gardeners as the best for growing in plastic greenhouses.
An early high-yielding hybrid. Fruits with strong growth rates and disease resistance. Cylindrical dark green fruits reach 28-30cm in size. The skin is firm and smooth. The hybrid is resistant to viral diseases - powdery mildew, downy mildew, cucumber mosaic.
One of the earliest long-fruited cucumber hybrids for outdoor cultivation.
The plant has vigorous and fast growth, long growing season, resistant to cold temperatures and low shaded lighting. As you can see in the photo, the length of the fruit is small - 20-22cm. The skin is dark green, smooth and shiny.
Insectated hybrids of the Asian type
Chinese greenhouse hybrids appeared on domestic agricultural markets not so long ago, and immediately gained popularity due to the low cost of seeds, stable stable yields, and high disease resistance.
Attention! When buying seeds for seedlings from Chinese producers, be sure to ask about the availability of certificates for planting material and a license to sell it. In the trading network, cases of trade in unlicensed goods have become more frequent.
A hybrid with a female flowering type, strong vigorous growth and a long growing season. Designed for growing long-fruited cucumbers in open ground and in greenhouse film greenhouses. The cylindrical fruits are dark green in color. The skin is dense, lumpy with small white pimples.
Vegetable growers who grew Alligator in their beds claim that some specimens of this variety, with proper care and regular feeding, can reach a length of 70-80cm.
An exotic type of Asian hybrid with fruits that resemble large zucchini in appearance. The plant is resistant to almost all fungal and viral diseases, cold-resistant, has early maturity and gives a rich harvest.
Recently, Asian varieties of cucumbers have been replenished with new types of long-fruited hybrids, such as Chinese white, Chinese snakes, White delicacy, Chinese long-fruited, Chinese miracle. All of them require some care and watering, so when choosing Chinese hybrids for your greenhouse, carefully read the instructions.
If you are planting long-fruited cucumbers for the first time, carefully approach the choice of the variety, study the possibility of their further use. Some hybrids have excellent taste and are suitable not only for salads, but also for canning.