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Non-hybrid varieties of tomatoes

Non-hybrid varieties of tomatoes


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Breeders distinguish varieties and hybrids of tomatoes. Hybrids are obtained by crossing two varieties or by separating from a certain variety a group of plants that has some special characteristics. It is generally accepted that tomato hybrids are distinguished by increased productivity, resistance to diseases, and a leveled fruit shape. However, many experienced farmers still prefer to grow non-hybrid tomatoes, since their fruits are much tastier, contain more vitamins and active ingredients.

Varietal tomatoes at the genetic level store information about growing conditions, are adapted to the local climate and painlessly endure all kinds of weather surprises. The seeds of such tomatoes, unlike hybrids, give full-fledged offspring without loss of traits and deterioration of agrotechnical characteristics in subsequent generations. This allows gardeners to independently harvest material for sowing without purchasing seeds annually.

The best varieties

In nature, there are about 4000 different varieties of tomato, of which about 1000 can be cultivated on the territory of Russia. With such a wide variety, it is difficult for a novice farmer to understand which varieties of non-hybrid tomatoes are good and which ones can fail. That is why we will try to highlight in the article a number of proven tomatoes that occupy leading positions in the sales ranking, receive a lot of positive feedback and comments on various forums. So, the five best non-hybrid tomatoes included:

Sanka

"Sanka" is a variety of domestic selection. It was bred in 2003 and has become the most sought after non-hybrid tomato over time. Recommended tomato for cultivation in the central region on open land. In the northern regions of the country, the Sanka variety is cultivated in greenhouses.

The main advantages of the Sanka tomato are:

  • A short period of fruit ripening, equal to only 78-85 days.
  • The short stature of the plant combined with a record yield. So, bushes up to 60 cm high are capable of bearing fruit in a volume of over 15 kg / m2.

Determinant plants of the Sanka variety should be grown in seedlings. Seeds are sown in cups filled with soil in mid-May. Young plants should dive into the ground at the age of 30-40 days.

The first inflorescence on tomatoes appears behind 5-6 leaves. So, on each brush, 4-5 tomatoes are tied. For their full and timely ripening, the bushes should be regularly watered, weeded, loosened. After the first wave of harvest has returned, the plants grow well and begin the second stage of fruiting, which lasts until the onset of frost.

The taste of non-hybrid Sanka tomatoes is excellent: fleshy, red tomatoes combine light sourness and sweetness. Depending on the fertility of the soil on which the culture grows, the weight of the fruits can be different, ranging from 80 to 150 grams. The fruits are consumed fresh, and also used for processing.

You can see Sanka tomatoes, find out more information about them and hear first-hand comments on the video:

Apple tree of Russia

A variety of domestic selection, obtained back in 1998. Many gardeners call it a variety "for the lazy", since the plant is not demanding to care for and bears fruit abundantly, regardless of external conditions. It is the high level of survival that is the main advantage of the variety, thanks to which it has been appreciated and grown by Russian farmers for almost 20 years.

The main characteristics of the non-hybrid tomato "Yablonka Rossii" are:

  • short period of fruit ripening, equal to 85-100 days;
  • high resistance to diseases characteristic of the culture;
  • stable yield over 5 kg / m2;
  • good transportability of fruits;
  • adaptability to open and protected conditions.

Plants of the variety "Yablonka Rossii" are determinant, with a height of 50 to 60 cm. They are grown by seedlings, followed by diving into the ground according to the scheme of 6-7 plants per 1 m2... Tomatoes ripen together. Their shape is rounded, red in color. You can see the tomatoes above in the photo. The weight of each tomato is approximately 70-90 grams. The flesh of vegetables is dense, the skin is resistant to cracking.

Liang

Liana tomatoes are rightfully ranked third in the ranking of the best varieties. With its help, you can get an early harvest of delicious tomatoes, which can be seen above.

The fruits of this ultra-early ripening variety ripen in just 84-93 days. Liana tomatoes are juicy and especially aromatic, sweet. Their average weight is 60-80 grams. The purpose of vegetables is universal: they can be successfully used for making juices, mashed potatoes and canning.

Determinant Liana tomatoes do not exceed 40 cm in height. Such small plants are planted in open ground at 7-9 pieces per 1 m2... At the same time, the yield of tomatoes is more than 4 kg / m2... During the growing season, tomatoes should be watered, fed, weeded. Their dense green mass must be thinned out periodically.

De barao Tsarsky

The best tall, non-hybrid tomato variety. Designed for cultivation exclusively in greenhouses / greenhouses. The height of its bushes reaches 3 m. The yield of the De Barao Tsarsky variety is amazing - 15 kg from one bush or 40 kg from 1 m2 land.

Important! From a series of varieties "De Barao", only "Tsarsky" has such a high yield.

Indeterminate bushes of this variety should be planted in protected ground, 3-4 pieces per 1 m2... In this case, the formation of a bush, its pinching, pinching, garter is mandatory. Several times during the growing season, plants should be fed with mineral fertilizers, organic matter. The stage of mass ripening of fruits begins 110-115 days from the day of sowing the seed and continues until the onset of frost.

Important! Tomatoes of the "De Barao Tsarskiy" variety are resistant to low atmospheric temperatures, shade, late blight.

Tomatoes, painted in a pale pink color, can be seen above in the photo. Their shape is oval-plum-shaped, weight is about 100-150 gr. The vegetables are delicious and aromatic. Fruits are used, including for canning and salting. Good transportability, combined with high yields, makes it possible to grow tomatoes of this variety for sale.

Cow heart

Non-hybrid tomato "Volovye Heart" is distinguished by its large-fruited and amazing taste of vegetables. Each tomato of this variety weighs from 250 to 400 grams. The meatiness, conical shape and pale pink color are also the hallmark of the variety.

Bushes "Volovye Heart" are medium-sized, up to 120 cm high, semi-determinate. They can be grown in open and protected ground. The fruits of this variety ripen in 110-115 days. The purpose of vegetables is salad. They are also widely used for making juices and pasta.

Conclusion

The above list of tomatoes describes the best non-hybrid varieties that are popular both for experienced and novice gardeners. At the same time, there are other varietal tomatoes that deserve attention. Among them are "Gift of the Volga region", "Marmande", "Volgogradsky 595", "Pink Flamingo", "Dubok" and some others. All of them have excellent agrotechnical characteristics and bear fruit wonderful, tasty tomatoes in the conditions of Russia.

Testimonials

Anatoly Kanin, 41 years old, Volokolamsk

My wife and I have a summer cottage where we grow vegetables. Every year we plant “De barao Tsarskiy” tomatoes in a small greenhouse. These massive, tall shrubs yield tremendous harvests. Literally 15 bushes are enough for seasonal consumption and harvesting tomatoes for the whole year.

Valentina Sokolova, 29 years old, Lobnya

Mom always helps me to choose varieties of vegetables, she also advised Sanka tomatoes a few years ago. Now, based on my own experience, I can say that there are no difficulties and problems with growing this variety. Vegetables are always produced in large quantities, their taste is excellent. Anyone who has not decided on the choice of tomatoes, I recommend the Sanka variety.


Watch the video: Growing Heirloom Tomatoes - Part 1. Late Bloomer. Episode 12 (January 2023).

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