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It may surprise you, but chicken manure is 3 times more useful than the same manure or mullein. It contains a considerable amount of nutrients and is used to fertilize all kinds of vegetable crops. The effectiveness of this organic feed has been proven by many years of experience of many gardeners. This fertilizer is especially valuable for organic lovers who have completely abandoned the use of chemicals. In this article, we will take a closer look at how to feed a tomato with chicken droppings. We will also learn more about the beneficial properties of this fertilizer.
Chicken droppings composition
It is safe to say that chicken manure contains almost all the substances necessary for the growth and formation of fruits. Among the most important mineral components are:
- nitrogen - 2%;
- phosphorus - 2%;
- potassium - 1%;
- calcium - 2%.
In addition, this organic fertilizer contains a sufficient amount of cobalt, copper, manganese and zinc. Thanks to such a rich composition, chicken manure improves the quality of the soil, even if it is applied every 2 years. The results of plant feeding can be seen already a couple of weeks after application.
Of the positive aspects of using chicken manure, the following can be distinguished:
- Contains no toxins.
- Not flammable.
- Being in the soil, it retains its beneficial properties for 2-3 years. Thanks to this, it can be applied to the soil only once for a couple of years.
- Excellent for fertilizing almost all known crops. Both for vegetables and berries, and for fruit trees.
- Makes the soil more fertile, saturates with the necessary microelements.
- Accelerates the process of fruit ripening.
- Regulates soil acidity, restores microflora.
- Increases immunity to diseases and pests.
- It's easy to use.
Features of feeding tomatoes with chicken droppings
You can start fertilizing the soil even before planting the seedlings. The droppings are evenly distributed over the garden bed, and I dig up the soil, deepening it inward. For 1 square meter, you will need about 3.5 kg of chicken. Also, chicken manure can be applied in liquid form. Such dressings are carried out throughout the vegetative period of tomatoes. In this case, at least 6 liters of solution is required per square meter.
When deciding how and when to fertilize, you should pay attention to the condition of the leaves. They, as an indicator, always show what is lacking in tomato seedlings. If the green mass grows too quickly, and the stems become thick and fleshy, this is a clear sign of an overabundance of fertilizer. If you continue to feed the plants in the same spirit, then you can get a very lush bush without ovaries and fruits, since the plant will give all its strength to the formation of green mass.
A week after the feeding of the tomatoes was stopped, it is necessary to feed the ground part of the plants with a solution of wood ash. She should spray the bushes in order to stop the process of nitrogen absorption. It is this element that is responsible for the growth of stems and foliage. Ash also saturates tomato seedlings with potassium.
Methods for introducing chicken droppings
Do not forget that chicken manure itself is toxic. Peat, straw or sawdust will help neutralize such an effect on tomato seedlings. Compost should be made from these components. For this, a site for fertilization is prepared on a hill. The first step is to lay out a layer of sawdust. After that, it is necessary to lay out a thick layer of chicken droppings on them (up to 20 cm). Then the sawdust is laid out again, and again a layer of droppings. The compost should stand for a month and a half, after which it is used to fertilize tomatoes.
Important! Of course, there can be an unpleasant odor from the compost. In order to muffle it, the pile is covered with a layer of earth and straw.
For the preparation of the solution, both dry and fresh bird manure are used. In this case, it is necessary to accurately follow the proportions. If you exceed the amount of droppings in the solution, you can burn the plant roots. So, 1.5 kg of chicken manure is dissolved in 10 liters of liquid. Immediately after this, you can water the tomatoes with this nutrient mixture. For watering 1 bush, 0.7-1 liter of liquid will be enough. It is best to water the tomatoes with diluted droppings during rain or immediately after watering with plain water.
Some gardeners prefer to use chicken manure infusion to fertilize tomatoes. For this, the following components are mixed in such proportions:
- 1 liter of water;
- 1 liter of dry or liquid chicken manure.
To prepare this infusion, you should choose a container that is closed with a lid. The closed solution should be kept in a warm place for several days. During this time, the fermentation process will take place. Immediately before use, the infusion is diluted with water in a ratio of 1/10. Such an infusion can be stored for a long time, so having prepared it once, you can not worry about fertilizers for tomatoes all summer.
Bird droppings are often used dry for feeding. In this case, fertilizer is applied to the soil during digging. It is best to do this in the fall, immediately after cleaning the beds. Gardeners with experience, before feeding, slightly moisten the droppings, and then scatter it over the entire surface of the soil. To distribute the fertilizer more evenly over the ground, it can be leveled with a rake. You can add some ash, sand or compost to your droppings. In this form, the fertilizer is left until spring. Under the snow, it will thoroughly grind, and already in March you can start digging the beds.
Not everyone has natural chicken droppings. In this case, you can purchase granular fertilizer at a specialized store. Such a litter is much more convenient to use, and it also has a number of the following advantages:
- there is no unpleasant smell;
- there are no helminth larvae and weed seeds;
- long shelf life;
- it is easy to store, does not take up much space;
- the granules expand significantly when immersed in water.
This fertilizer is applied at 100–250 grams per 1 square meter. The granules should be sprinkled with soil or dug up the bed after application. Of course, chicken droppings won't replace all the micronutrients you need. Therefore, in some cases, it will be necessary to additionally add potassium to the soil.
Important! Granulated droppings can also cause plant burns. In no case should it be introduced into the seedling planting holes.
Some gardeners soak their chicken to obtain nutritious fertilizer. To do this, you need to fill the chicken manure with water and leave it for a couple of days. At the end of the period, the water is drained from the container and replaced with a new one. Now you will again need to leave the droppings to soak for a few days. This procedure is repeated a couple more times. Thanks to soaking, all toxins and acids are released from the droppings. It becomes completely safe. But even after that, it is not recommended to use chicken manure to fertilize plants at the root. It can be placed in prepared furrows next to vegetable crops.
Useful properties of chicken droppings
Chicken manure is the most affordable fertilizer for gardeners. Of course, no one keeps chickens in cities, but this can often be found in summer cottages. Bird droppings are even healthier than mullein. It contains phosphorus and nitrogen, which are responsible for the growth and health of vegetable crops. These minerals are easily absorbed by tomatoes. The first reason for this is that chicken manure is a completely organic and natural fertilizer. It is much more "alive" than mineral chemical additives, so it can easily affect plants.
The benefits of this fertilizer are also indicated by the presence of boron, copper, cobalt and zinc. It also contains bioactive substances. For example, chicken contains auxin, which has a direct effect on the growth of tomatoes and other crops. The acidity level of chicken manure is 6.6. Thanks to this, it not only increases the yield of crops, but also transforms the composition of the soil. The presence of calcium in the chicken helps to deoxidize the soil. Also, this organic fertilizer promotes the process of photosynthesis. Because of what the plants are actively growing and developing, and in the future they form beautiful fruits.
Attention! It doesn't matter which way to fertilize. It retains its effectiveness in any form.
Not everyone knows how often the soil should be fed with chicken manure. Experienced gardeners say that fertilizer should be applied no more than 3 times during the entire season. The first feeding is done together with planting seedlings in the ground. To take root and gain strength, tomatoes simply need nutrients. The next feeding is necessary during the period of flowering and ovary formation. And the third time, chicken droppings are introduced during active fruiting. Thanks to this, you can get larger fruits, as well as extend the period of their formation.
Chicken droppings make an excellent nutritional mix. To do this, in a large container, the manure is mixed with a liquid in a ratio of 1/3. Further, the resulting solution is infused for 3-4 days. It must be constantly stirred. To speed up the process of dropping decomposition, you can add the drug "Baikal M" or "Tamir" to the solution. Add one tablespoon of the drug to 1 bucket of liquid. After the done, the solution must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1/3. Then the prepared nutrient mixture is poured over the beds with tomatoes or other vegetables. For 1m2 beds will need 1.5 liters of solution.
These methods of feeding tomatoes with chicken manure have been tested. Many gardeners have been using just such fertilizer for years on their plots. They note that the results can be seen as early as 10-14 days after the application of the supplementary feed. Plants immediately gain strength and begin to actively grow and bear fruit. Based on these data, it follows that feeding that includes chicken manure can give plants an excellent impetus for active development. Moreover, it is used not only for seedlings of tomatoes and other vegetables, but also for various fruit trees and shrubs. All plants just before our eyes become strong and powerful.
Important! The use of chicken manure can significantly increase the yield of crops, as well as improve the quality of fruits.
Also, many gardeners use dry chicken manure. This method is the easiest to use, since you do not need to mix and insist anything. Although some summer residents soak their droppings before use, this step can be dispensed with. Fertilize the soil with dry droppings in spring or autumn. Fertilizer can be crushed or left intact before use. They are simply sprinkled on the soil before digging the soil.
This natural organic fertilizer has excellent nutritional properties. It contains a number of trace elements necessary for the growth of cultures. They are easily absorbed by plants. Chicken droppings are very easy to use.
Chicken is one of the most popular organic fertilizers. He is able to activate biological processes in the soil. Thanks to it, plants receive one of the most important substances - carbon dioxide. By using chicken manure correctly, you can achieve the best results. How to properly use a chicken for feeding tomatoes, and in what proportions to mix it, you could see in detail in this article. This organic fertilizer is in no way inferior to purchased mineral complexes. It contains a huge amount of nutrients that together can only benefit your plants. Experienced agronomists argue that feeding vegetables with chicken manure can completely replace the use of other fertilizers.
Organic matter is washed out of the soil much more slowly, thanks to which plants will be able to obtain the necessary minerals for a long time. The quality of the crop and its taste will definitely delight you. And most importantly, the grown vegetables will not contain nitrates and other chemicals.