Plants

The use of ornamental cereals in landscape design

The use of ornamental cereals in landscape design


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Ornamental cereals and herbs in landscaping is an excellent solution. They can be used to create original and expressive compositions even on non-fruitful soil. Such flowers are no less attractive than other crops. They are often the main decoration of the local area and garden. To create a spectacular cereal flower bed, you should better know what decorative species are, the conditions for their cultivation and combination.

Plant species

Cereals in landscape design are perennial and annual, frost-resistant and heat-loving, high and low. They also differ in growth rate.. Most have plain small flowers. They are appreciated for the color and shape of the leaves.

Decorative cereals are fully manifested when they cover a certain area. Single plants do not have such an appeal.

Low-growing species reach a height of 15-40 cm. They are great for decorating garden paths, borders, carpet flower beds. Often, imitating the natural corners, they are planted in rose gardens, rock gardens and rocky gardens.

Medium-sized cereals include plants with a height of 40 to 90 cm. They are used in group plantings and to create multi-tiered flower beds. Bright panicles and spikelets with graceful stems look good to individual groups in the garden and give the effect of continuous flowering in mixborders.

Consider tall cereals from 90 cm in height. In multi-level flower gardens, they play the role of the background and serve as a screen or screen, hiding a cozy corner in the garden from prying eyes.

Choosing plants for your garden, novice gardeners can opt for more common types such as:

  • sedge;
  • oats;
  • gray fescue;
  • bristle;
  • thin-legged;
  • mace bearer;
  • feather grass;
  • foxtail;
  • hare tail
  • African millet;
  • Chumiza
  • blue fescue.

Cereal plants can be combined. The main condition for choosing neighbors is that they should feel good on the ground of the same type with identical moisture.

Blue Fescue

This perennial cereal plant reaches a height of one and a half meters. Its peculiarity is an unusual silver color, perfectly in harmony with pebbles, sand base or large cobblestone.

Fescue is planted in the ground in early June. The soil should be completely warm.

To keep the bushes neat and bright, you should adhere to the following rules:

  • Moisture should not be allowed to stagnate in the soil; drainage should be taken care of. A good option would be sandy soil.
  • After a year, it is recommended to transplant this cereal so that the leaves do not become pale.
  • Bushes must be divided every 4 years.
  • Fescue is a lawn plant that is grown to decorate arbors, flower beds, paths.

Pogonaterum prosovidny

In landscape design, the representative of the cereal pogonaterum is prosy (indoor bamboo) among all ornamental herbs and cereals is the most unusual plant. Its stems resemble bamboo thickets. Bright leaves can be of various shades of green.

This is a perennial plant. However, it is better to grow it in the warmth of the house. It is impossible that the air temperature drops below 18 degrees. In summer, you can take the cattlehouse out onto the street.

Indoor bamboo is not very easy to clean.. The owner must fulfill the basic requirements:

  • Make sure the area is well lit.
  • Watering should be carried out regularly, including the winter period, the soil in its upper layer should not dry out.
  • It is also recommended to spray the green mass from the spray gun.

Indoor bamboo, unlike many cereals and herbs, requires constant feeding. For it, you can use mineral fertilizer, which is added to water for irrigation 2 times a month.

Since the plant does not tolerate drying out, for its cultivation requires a certain soil containing a large amount of clay. It is also recommended to add humus, peat, etc. to the seedling mixture.

Cortaderia: features

Cortaderia can reach a height of 3 meters. You should not combine it with other similarly tall varieties, because it forms a strong root system. She picks up all the nutrients from the ground.

Before planting the cortaderia, it’s important to think about how it will fit into the overall composition. Once planted, getting rid of will not be easy.

The plant has flexible and strong leaves. In late summer - early autumn panicles are formed up to 50 cm long, which are at a level higher than human height. On individual inflorescences there are smooth long villi of a cream, white or beige color.

Cortaderia does not dictate special conditions for care and grows well in abandoned areas, annually capturing more and more territory.

Barley

This is another cereal often used in landscape design. Outwardly, it looks like ordinary barley and retains its positive characteristics. The plant tolerates frosts well.

This ornamental cereal is one of the fastest growing varieties. Bushes should be thinned periodically to make the flowerbed look neat.

Barley in a temperate climate can remain outdoors for the winter, but to protect it from frost, it is better to dig it out and put it in a table. It multiplies rapidly, so it is better to cut it to full maturity.

Plant selection and care

To cereal plants looked neat and tidy, there are several rules for planting. It must be borne in mind that they grow rapidly and can interfere with the development of neighbors. When planting decorative cereals for the garden, you should adhere to certain rules:

  • To make plants better developed, it is better to use infertile sandy soil.
  • The growth of bushes should be limited to pebbles, stones and a mound of sand.
  • Aggressive varieties are placed first in pots, then lowered into the soil.
  • It is not recommended to feed cereals so that they do not go into intensive growth and do not lose shape.

Ornamental cereal plants propagate by seeds or seedlings, depending on the particular variety. Some species of these plants are best germinated separately. If they are immediately planted in the main place, the flowers and bushes will be excessively large, which does not always look beautiful.

Seedlings can first be planted on a separate bed and, when a small bush appears, transplanted.

Today, in landscape design, cereals are a fashion trend. They are increasingly used not only to decorate flower beds, but also to create a special atmosphere in recreation areas and parks. Depending on the species, the plant can act as the main decoration or complement the composition of other flowers and shrubs, and is also great as a frame for an artificial pond or as part of a hedge.

Composition rules

When deciding to create a flower bed from cereals, it is important to ensure that only those species with similar care requirements grow on one site. In addition, it is important to combine plants according to the color scheme, which often changes throughout the season. Spreading of bushes and their height should also be provided.

You should not make catchy decorative elements on a cereal flowerbed. It is better to make a filling of fine gravel or use several boulders of a picturesque shape. Cereals look very harmonious with conifers, rose bushes and daylilies.

If cereals are planted near a high fence, gazebo or house wall, they can be combined with climbing plants. An excellent background would be:

  • hop;
  • grapes;
  • discreet creepers;
  • ivy.

Of considerable importance is the size of the plot. In a small area, the presence of tall plants will contribute to the shading of the garden, which will visually reduce the area. And vice versa, high compositions of decorative cereals in the form of flower beds or tapeworms are welcome in the spacious garden.

Planting cereals

The landing site must be prepared in advance. To clear a site of garbage and weeds and to dig. Such work can be done in autumn or early spring. Since cereals prefer soil that is not very fertile, no fertilizer is required.

The land is leveled and the site is given the desired shape. The next step is the markup, and here it is important not to make a mistake with the size of the cereals. If there is not enough space left, a neat flowerbed will eventually turn into dense thickets.

Make markings with sand. A place is delineated for each plant, given the width of the adult plant. After marking, you can sow seeds or plant seedlings of cereals.

Since most cereals grow strongly and inhibit weaker plants growing in the neighborhood, it is necessary to think in advance how to inhibit growth. To do this, for example, you can dig in strips of plastic or slate, limiting the area for each plant. The most aggressive species can be planted in plastic containers of suitable size.

Cereal plants in the garden




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