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The category of conditionally edible mushrooms is quite extensive. The species included in it do not differ in high nutritional value and good taste, however, after preliminary processing, they can be fully used for food. These mushrooms also include the feather-shaped ryadovka, which is relatively rare in the forests of Europe and North America.
Where do the rowers grow
The ryadovka is openkovidny, or tied, the photo and description of which are presented below, rarely comes across mushroom pickers. Despite the wide distribution area, this species does not differ in mass growth, which is why it is listed in the Red Book in many European countries. This lamellar mushroom is found only in light clear coniferous forests of the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, forming mycorrhiza with pine.
Rows are growing in single specimens or in small colonies on sandy soils, sometimes found on mosses. The period of active growth falls on August-September.
What do the rowers look like
The cap of a young ryadovka is feather-shaped, convex, with edges strongly curled inward. As the fungus grows, it begins to straighten; in mature specimens, it becomes almost flat, and sometimes funnel-shaped, with uneven wavy, slightly drooping edges. The diameter of an adult ryadovka cap can reach 10-12 cm, its average size is 5-8 cm. The color is reddish-brown, lighter at the edges and saturated in the center, has a structure of radial stripes. Pieces of the bedspread may remain on the hat.
On the back of the cap there are numerous cream-colored plates with a pinkish tint, fused with the stem. With age, their color becomes yellowish or light brown, often with dark spots. The flesh of the mushroom is white, does not change color with mechanical damage or cut.
The stem of the mushroom is cylindrical, sometimes it can have the shape of an inverse truncated cone. At a young age, it is dense, solid, at a later stage of development, the structure becomes longitudinally fibrous, a cavity appears inside. It can reach a length of 11 cm and a thickness of 3 cm. It has a pronounced ring. Above it, the leg is white or light brown, below the surface is covered with numerous reddish-brown scales.
Is it possible to eat the rows of feather-shaped
Openkovidny ryadovka refers to conditionally edible mushrooms, the consumption of which is possible only after preliminary heat treatment - boiling in water for at least 0.5 hours. After boiling, the broth is not used; it must be poured out.
Important! In some countries, the ryadovka is classified as a poisonous mushroom.
Taste qualities of the mushroom ryadovka openkovidnaya
According to the nutritional value classification of mushrooms, ryadovki belong to category IV. This includes species with low consumer qualities and not of particular interest. Indeed, the openkovidny ryadovka does not differ in either good taste or pronounced aroma. It has a rather unpleasant flour smell, and tastes slightly bitter or completely tasteless.
Benefits and harm to the body
Despite the low taste, eating a row of grapefruit can be beneficial for the body. Their fruiting bodies contain the following substances:
- Amino acids.
- B vitamins.
Important! Rows are low in calories and can be used as a dietary product.
However, eating these mushrooms can have negative consequences. This applies to people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as those with individual intolerance. In addition, it is not recommended to eat mushrooms for children under 10 years old, since they are quite difficult for the human stomach to digest.
All rows have a certain intraspecific similarity. There are no poisonous mushrooms in this family, therefore, if suddenly instead of one representative of the Ryadovkov family there is another in the basket, then this error will not be fatal. However, there are other, more dangerous species, which are sometimes mistaken for a hawk-shaped row.
- Matsutake, or shod ryadovka (spotted). It differs from the hawthorn in more significant size, as well as a pronounced spicy aroma of cinnamon. In Russia, matsutake is found mainly in the Urals, Siberia, as well as in the Far East and Primorye.
- The webcap is light buffy. This is a poisonous mushroom, you cannot eat it (according to some sources, this is possible after prolonged heat treatment). It differs from the rowing of an open-shaped homogeneous ocher color of the cap, as well as a denser leg, painted in a uniform white color.
- Royal catatelasma (imperial champignon). This mushroom differs from the ryadovka rudkovidny in more significant sizes, descending adherent platinum, which turn gray in adulthood. The leg of the imperial champignon can reach a length of 18 cm, while most of it (and sometimes all) is in the ground. The presence of a double ring is also noted.
Rows are crimson, like all mushrooms, are capable of accumulating various harmful substances in their fruit body. Therefore, one should abandon "quiet hunting" in those places where there is an increased concentration of heavy metals, radioactive substances, and toxic compounds. Such territories include:
- Highway shoulders.
- Areas adjacent to the railway.
- Active and abandoned industrial zones.
- Territories of mines, open-pit mines.
- Waste burial sites, burial grounds, dumps, waste heaps.
- Territories of active and previously deployed military units.
Important! You do not need to take a mushroom if there is no 100% certainty that it is edible.
After boiling with vinegar, the ryadovki openkovidnye lose not only their bitter taste and flour smell, but also any aroma in general. Nevertheless, the fruiting bodies retain their shape, density and characteristic “crunchy” consistency. After heat treatment, mushroom caps are most often used for canning, they can be pickled or salted.
And there are also recipes for fried ryadovka of a feather-like shape, making mushroom caviar and various sauces from it. A short video on this topic can be viewed at the link:
In many countries, the feather-shaped row is considered a kind of ecological indicator, since it grows only in clean pine forests. This mushroom does not have good taste and great nutritional value, but some mushroom pickers love it for the so-called "crunch" in salting. Undoubtedly, the ryadovka openkovidny in some cases deserves attention, but in the presence of more valuable copies, it is unlikely to end up in the basket.