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Parsnip is a herbaceous plant from the Umbrella family. In ancient times, a garden vegetable was used as a medicine. Decoctions were made from it and given to sick people with colds. Soon the temperature dropped, the patient recovered his strength and he completely recovered.
In Russia and in tsarist Russia, a Mediterranean root crop was planted in fields and household plots. In the famous garden of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, parsnips were grown on a large scale. The royal family loved this vegetable for its sweetish taste and spicy aroma.
What does parsnip look like and what kind of vegetable it is (write a description)
On the territory of Europe, wild parsnips grow, the fruits of which are extremely toxic, and numerous photos show traces of burns from the leaves.
The parsnip root in the photo is white or yellowish in color and expands towards the base.
The vegetable, also called field borscht, white root or popovnik, in appearance resembles a carrot with an elongated root crop, long stems and small carved leaves. From the photo, a significant difference in the color of the plants becomes obvious: the root of the parsnip is white.
The stems of the plant are elongated, ribbed, can reach 200 cm. Its leaves are small and feathery. The parsnip blooms in late July with yellow umbrella-shaped flowers. It blooms with small yellowish flowers, which in shape resemble the dome of an umbrella.
In the south of Russia, in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and other countries of Central Asia, parsnips are grown as a garden crop, the fruits of which are used in cooking, medicine and cosmetology.
What does parsnip vegetable taste like?
No holiday photo of a table at Christmas in England can be imagined without a vegetable like parsnip. It is added when stewing vegetables and cooking meat dishes.
Tasting like parsley or celery stalks, this intensely spicy vegetable leaves a sweet aftertaste. The poplar is distinguished by a pleasant aroma.
The taste and smell of white root vegetables has an exciting effect on the human body. Dishes with it act as an aphrodisiac.
Composition and nutritional value of parsnips
The parsnip root vegetable is unusually rich in nutrients. It contains:
- dietary fiber with essential oil;
- vitamins (C, PP, group B);
- minerals (potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, etc.).
In terms of nutritional value and the presence of fast carbohydrates, field borscht is the leader among other vegetables.
100 g of vegetable contains:
- proteins - 1.45 g;
- fats - 0.55 g;
- carbohydrates - 9.3 g.
The glycemic index (GI) of the root vegetable has an indicator of 85.
Parsnips are low-calorie foods. Its total calorie content is 47 kcal. Nutritionists recommend including a spicy vegetable in the diet of overweight people.
With a sufficiently high GI, the white root does not provoke the accumulation of fat mass. And, conversely, it contains easily digestible carbohydrates, which are useful during periods of active exercise and intense weight loss. During long walks or right after the gym, the root raises blood glucose levels to replenish energy.
Why parsnips are good for you
Parsnip root has unique beneficial properties and has a number of contraindications.
The vegetable contains an optimal ratio of minerals and vitamins useful for the body. Calcium, phosphorus and magnesium help maintain bone health. The calcium present in the composition plays an important role in the transmission of nerve impulses and muscle contractions. Potassium, which is also present in the vegetable, promotes better blood circulation, and magnesium - the work of the heart.
Due to the high content of vitamin C, parsnips have antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effects. In Russia, a spicy drink was prepared for sick people, which had medicinal properties. The broth included not only herbs, but also added Mediterranean parsnip root.
In the modern world, drugs are produced from the root extract - Pastinacin, Beroxan and Eupiglin.
Pastinacin is used as an antispasmodic agent for neuroses, irritations and spasms of the gastrointestinal tract, for diseases of the genitourinary system and kidneys.
Beroxan (Eupiglin) increases the skin's susceptibility to ultraviolet rays, therefore it is prescribed for psoriasis, for the treatment of vitiligo, alopecia and other diseases.
Medicines with fruit and seed extract are effective in the treatment of many other diseases:
- bronchitis, pneumonia, turbbeculosis;
- various neuroses and disorders of the nervous system;
- arrhythmias and other cardiovascular diseases.
A decoction from the root is very beneficial for men's health. The vegetable has a therapeutic effect on prostatitis, pyelonephritis and other inflammatory urological diseases.
Due to the slight diuretic effect of the use of root vegetables, sand is washed out of the kidneys and stones dissolve.
After medical intervention on the genitourinary organs, doctors recommend adding traditional recipes that have been proven over the years to the drug treatment during the rehabilitation period. A drink made from this healing vegetable has an antispasmodic and analgesic effect.
Parsnip is a natural aphrodisiac. The essential oils contained in the root vegetable have a stimulating effect and enhance masculine strength. Regular use of this vegetable increases libido and libido.
White root is an excellent immunomodulator. Eating it in food stimulates the body to a speedy recovery during lingering colds.
The root vegetable is good for women at any age. Its medicinal properties prevent heart disease, liver and kidney dysfunction, and normalize blood pressure and blood sugar levels.
White root is good for pregnant women as it reduces the risk of birth defects in newborns.
Useful properties of the parsnip plant
With the correct use of parsnip root and leaves, this unique plant with its beneficial properties can relieve spasms, pain and have a tonic effect on the body.
The small leaves of the root vegetable contain twice as many vitamins and minerals as parsley or dill.
The spicy root helps to improve digestion and strengthen the walls of blood vessels. It is used as a natural pain reliever and expectorant.
Other beneficial properties of the spicy vegetable are also known. In medicine, extracts are used for edema as a diuretic, for colds - for better sputum discharge, lowering high temperatures and increasing appetite.
Benefits of parsnip root
Parsnip has a weak diuretic and diaphoretic effect, it removes excess water from the body well and relieves swelling of soft tissues.
In addition, the white root vegetable has an antipyretic effect. It effectively relieves heat and body aches, enhances appetite and digestion. From the consumption of parsnips, the sick quickly recover and feel a surge of strength.
Essential oils of the root as an aphrodisiac have an aphrodisiac effect on men: they improve libido and increase sexual desire.
Medicines from a spicy vegetable are used for nervous disorders and neuroses. It is also used for various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract as a homeopathic pain reliever.
White root has a strong tonic effect on the body, so many athletes include it in their daily diet to improve athletic performance.
Leaves and root vegetables lower blood sugar levels, which is why parsnips are very beneficial for people with diabetes.
The vegetable juice neutralizes bad breath and helps maintain healthy gums.
Is it possible to eat parsnip leaves
The use of parsnip leaves in food is possible not only fresh, but also dried.
Green leaves are rich in vitamin C. In vegetable salads, the addition of plant greens gives a pleasant sourness.
When dried, all the beneficial properties and aromas are preserved. Parsnip seasoning enriches the dish with a spicy flavor.
Attention! The leaves of the wild plant secrete essential oils that can burn skin and leave scars.
Benefits of parsnip seeds
In medicine, the roots, leaves and seeds of parsnips are used for benefits and health. This is a harmless natural raw material for medicines for various diseases:
- vascular and heart ailments;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, etc.
If you grind the seeds of a root vegetable in your palms and inhale a fragrant aroma, then the mood improves from essential oils and apathy disappears.
The use of parsnip vegetable in folk medicine
Unique recipes with parsnips have survived to this day.
To strengthen immunity, increase the body's resistance to various diseases, you will need:
- sugar - 1 tbsp. l .;
- warm milk - 1 glass;
- parsnip juice - 30 - 50 ml.
Sugar is dissolved in parsnip juice and in a water bath and, stirring constantly, is brought to thickening. Warm milk is poured into the resulting mixture and mixed. Drink the drink 30 minutes before meals twice a day.
In Russia, parsnip tincture was used to restore strength. The finely chopped root was poured with moonshine, left for 7 days in a dark place. They consumed this drink a teaspoon before meals three times a day.
The use of parsnips in cooking
In cooking, the root is used fresh and dried.
Fresh and dried, the root vegetable is ideal for vegetable soups. It gives the first course a mouth-watering spicy aroma.
Fresh leaves are added to various salads, and dry - as a seasoning for fish and meat. Parsnip root, like carrots, can be eaten whole.
In many countries, the root crop is heat treated. Someone stews it with potatoes and mushrooms. It is boiled and grilled as a side dish. In Canada, mashed potatoes are made from a boiled product.
The use of root crops in cosmetology
Since ancient times, parsnip essential oil and juice have been used to maintain beauty and youth. The extract was added to creams, masks, wraps and baths.
Parsnip juice maintains skin turgor, preventing the formation of wrinkles. Whitens age spots and evens out complexion.
Pimples, acne, enlarged pores, comedones are all treatable with products that contain extracts of parsnip root or leaf extracts.
In cold weather, the nourishing cream with spicy root vegetable extract saturates the skin with the necessary substances and imparts moisture.
Parsnip essential oil is used to get rid of problem areas from stretch marks and cellulite.
Limitations and contraindications
Before you start eating parsnips with benefits for the body, you should definitely consult with your doctor: in the presence of chronic diseases and food allergies, the vegetable should be completely excluded in order to minimize its possible harm.
Parsnips are contraindicated in children under 6 years of age. Elderly people over 60 years old can use the spicy root with caution and in small quantities. In this case, it is imperative to monitor the reactions of the body. With an increase in the pulse and an increase in pressure, the product is excluded from the diet.
In addition, the root vegetable should not be consumed by people with acute gastrointestinal diseases and with any inflammatory processes.
Parsnip is contraindicated in photodermatosis.This inflammation of the skin occurs due to acute sensitivity to sunlight. The composition of parsnips contains phyto-oils - furocoumarins, which increase the skin's sensitivity to ultraviolet light.
People belonging to the 1st skin phototype - with light and thin, like porcelain, skin and blond hair - due to the low threshold of sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation, should use this product with caution in food and carefully select parsnip-based medicines.
Especially carefully you need to handle the leaves of the plant. On contact with damp skin, the leaf can cause severe burns and long-lasting wounds.
The vegetable is strictly contraindicated during exacerbations of gastritis, pancreatitis, gastric ulcer, as well as in severe liver and kidney diseases.
Parsnip (field borscht, white root or popovnik) is a biennial garden plant, the root crop of which is used in cooking, medicine and cosmetology.
With the tops and stalks of the poplar is similar to carrots.
In cooking, they use dried and fresh root vegetables and greens. Parsnips are added as a seasoning to add flavor to a dish, as a preservative for vegetable preparations, or as one of the ingredients in a salad.
The beauty industry uses essential oils and juices to maintain youthfulness. Parsnip extract fights cellulite, stretch marks, acne and acne.